Twisting Tools and Twists
One way to make a decorative accent is to twist the metal. Basically, you heat the section of metal to be twisted, clamp one end in a vise, grab the other end with a twisting wrench, and twist. Direction is your discretion, except where the twist has to be made in both directions and then any decision is removed from consideration.
Some twists can also be done cold, but what fun is that.
One excellent source of information is the Old Dominion Blacksmith Association's article on twisting: The Twist Class
War Department Education Manual
EM 862 BLACKSMITH PRACTICE
Adjustable twisting wrench
Z-shaped twisting wrench
"Store-bought" twisting wrenches
(Personal note: The Appalachian Blacksmiths Association thinks the Z twisting wrench is 10 times better than the adjustable type. I doubt it since an adjustable wrench is capable of infinite adjustment, within limits, to make a better grip. However, metal cools while you are fiddling with the adjustment, so ...).
Manual Twisting Machine
Automatic Twisting Machine
Types of Twists
There are a multitude of different twists and new ones being developed occasionally. Some of the more common are:
- plain (just heat and twist)
- veined (groves down each side and twist)
- rope (really just veined with the corners chamfered and a mild cross-hatching added for appropriate texture)
- stair step/rubik cube
Stages of a Pineapple Twist
Stages of a Basket Twist
Twisted Rope Twist also called Corn-on-the-Cob Twist
Stages of a stair twist (and reward in the upper right)
Completed stair twist
Stair twist (aka Rubik/Cube twist) from the
Central Virginia Blacksmith Guild
More twists from the net (reddit.com)
Barley Sugar Twist
Incised square twist
Here is a tough one. Most blacksmiths are fooled by it but
the general public doesn't see the trick at all.
(Easy actually. It's three pieces. One is ¼" by ½"
and the other two, are 1/4" square. They were forge
welded on each end, and then twisted tightly.
A simple but elegant twist, round and square
This one is heated, flattened where the twist is to be
made, and then twisted a half turn. Simple, I think.
3/8 bar Swaged in a 3/16 tenon swage
on diamond and then twisted
A wave. Bend bar in half,
taper bent end, unbend
Alligator twist on knife handle
Another alligator twist handle, this one places more emphasis on the texture. I really like that.
Another alligator twist handle, this one rounded more deemphasizing the texture
How to Make a Pineapple Twist
Steps in making a pineapple twist:
- Mark a deep groove down the center of a piece of heated square stock. Make this mark on all four sides of the stock. (Fig. A)
- Place in vice and make a 3/4 twist. (Fig. B)
- Square all four sides on the anvil. (Fig. C)
- Punch another groove down the center of each four sides, as in step 1. (Fig. D)
- Untwist in vice 1/4 twist. Watch the twist to see if it looks right. True up on anvil with a wooden mallet. You now have a completed pineapple twist. (Fig. E)
Double Reversed Twisting JigSource: ABANA/Ron Reil's Page: http://www.abana.org/ronreil/Forge1.shtml
Another idea posted in Metal Arts Forum
Gee Mom, look what else I've found!
- Music to Twist By
- How to Forge a Twist
- Twisted Iron Blog
- Blacksmith making a twist
- Forging diamond twist #1
- Forging diamond twist #2
- Another good article on making a pineapple twist.
- Making a Pineapple Twist Handle
- U-Turn Twist
- Braided Steel Handle
- Random Cut Twist
- 4 Bar Basket Twist Tool
- Forging a Basket Twist the Traditional Way
- Custom Wrought Iron Twist Bar and Onions
- Forged Cage Twist Handle
- Cube / Rubik twist
- Twists Anyone?
- Chop Saw twist
- Rubik's Twist Alligator Twist
- Alligator Twist knife
- Blacksmithing - forging a one-piece, fixed blade knife - with "gator skin" twist and pommel - part 1
- Blacksmithing - forging a one-piece, fixed blade knife - with "gator skin" twist and pommel - part 2 (final)
- Alligator Twist/Forging/Railroad spike knife
- Forging an "Alligator Skin" Railroad Spike Knife - Blacksmith process by CineScape Studios
"We all do better when we all do better."